Audrey A. Klein, PhD, MBA, is the Executive Director of the Butler Center for Research at Hazelden Betty Ford's headquarters in Center City, Minnesota. The Butler Center for Research is dedicated to improving recovery from addiction by conducting clinical and institutional research, collaborating with other research centers, and communicating scientific findings. Numerous studies are conducted on patient populations within the Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation and are designed to further elucidate the mechanisms underlying effective treatment for drug and alcohol problems. The more we can objectively describe and measure processes and indicators of change, the better we can target our treatment efforts, work to improve treatment outcomes, and communicate to people about our results. Dr. Klein received her PhD in Experimental Psychology from Case Western Reserve University in 1999. She completed her master's degree in Cognitive Psychology (also from Case Western) in 1997 and received her bachelor's degree in Psychology from Kenyon College in 1994. She also completed a postdoctoral fellowship in alcoholism research at the Research Institute on Addictions, University at Buffalo (SUNY). In 2016, she received her Masters of Business Administration degree from the University of Minnesota's Carlson School of Management. As an experimentalist, much of her early research focused on elucidating the processes underlying cognitive functions such as memory and attention. More recently, she has examined cognitive processing in persons with substance use disorders using a wide variety of information processing methodologies. In her current role, Dr. Klein oversees key data operations including collection, analysis, and reporting of patient outcomes and other program and product evaluation efforts. She regularly conducts multivariate statistical analyses of institutional data and disseminates the results. She also oversees clinical research studies involving Hazelden Betty Ford patient samples. In addition, Dr. Klein serves as an adjunct faculty member in the Hazelden Betty Ford Graduate School of Addiction Studies. Prior to joining the Butler Center for Research in 2007, Dr. Klein was an assistant professor of Psychology at Knox College, a small liberal arts college in central Illinois. She is an excellent resource to the media and provides data to support trends in addiction. She has appeared in print and broadcast interviews and enjoys helping audiences understand the complexities of addiction and its treatment. She also routinely consults with other providers in the healthcare space on a number of research and data analytics topics, including patient outcomes readiness assessments and how to best leverage organizational data assets to improve the cost and quality of care. Some of her recent publications include: Klein, A. A., & Slaymaker, V. J. (2011). 12-step involvement and treatment outcomes among young women with substance use disorders. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 29, 204-218. Klein, A. A., Slaymaker, V. J., & Kelly J. F. (2011). The 12 Step Affiliation and Practices Scale: Development and initial validation of a measure assessing 12 step affiliation. Addictive Behaviors, 36, 1045-1051. Klein, A. A., Slaymaker, V. J., McKay, J. R., & Dugosh, K. L. (2012). Computerized continuing care support for alcohol and drug dependence: A preliminary analysis of usage and outcomes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42, 25-34. Klein, A. A., & Anker, J. J. (2012). Computer-based recovery support for patients receiving residential treatment for alcohol/drug treatment: relationship between program use and outcomes. Journal of Telemedicine and e-Health. Klein, A. A., Nelson, L. M., & Anker, J. J. (2013). Attention and recognition memory bias for alcohol-related stimuli among alcohol dependent patients attending residential treatment. Addictive Behaviors, 38, 1687-1690. Klein, A. A. (2014). Computerized recovery support for substance use disorders: predictors of post-treatment engagement. Journal of Telemedicine and e-Health, 20, 454-459. Galanter, M., Seppala, M. & Klein, A. (2016). Medication-assisted treatment for opioid dependence in Twelve-Step-oriented residential rehabilitation settings. Substance Abuse, DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2016.1187241. Klein, A. A., Lloyd, K. D., & Asper, L. (in press). Pay-for-performance in the treatment of alcohol/drug addiction: implementation and initial results. Journal of Hospital Administration.