How the internet is used to buy drugs online The internet has changed the world forever. Its introduction into our homes, communities, workplaces and social spaces has fundamentally shifted every manner of interaction. For many, the internet has been miraculous: it educates people all across the planet, it expands the reach of resources and it ultimately glues us all together within its binary web of information and connectivity. But it also comes with a curse. One corner of the internet has become a marketplace for the buying and selling of all things illegal: the dark web. This is where drug trades, weapon sales, human trafficking and a number of other illegal operations are conducted behind the veil of internet anonymity. In this article, we'll focus on the purchase of drugs online, what the dark web really is, its dangers, how to tell if someone uses it and the best advice if you're concerned for someone using it. Why do people use the dark web? One of the bigger changes the internet has introduced to the global marketplace is the ability to find, purchase and receive goods without ever leaving the comfort of home. And the convenience is noticeably wonderful. But it also allows for the purchase of illegal drugs online, making some homes the scene of a drug transaction—often with parents or partners having no idea—and thus circumventing the need for either a prescription or pharmacy, or the visit to a drug dealer in person. Purchasers of illegal drugs are cautious in their transactions: they generally would not buy or sell drugs online over the World Wide Web—also known as the clear net or surface web—because their IP address would be traceable. Instead, they prefer the anonymity of the dark web. What is the dark web? Most web users spend their time on the surface web which makes up only a small fraction (an estimated five percent) of the internet. The majority of the internet (an estimated 95 percent) exists within the deep web, unindexed by search engines like Google and Bing. The dark web lives within the deep web, and it requires specific software, configurations and authorization to access. Once someone has access, they can use its dark web markets to anonymously purchase without prescription any drug they want from online dealers or illegal online pharmacies. And the cryptocurrencies—digital currencies with strong cryptography—that users often trade with add extra layers of anonymity, keeping secret any personal information about location or identity. Much like the surface web, the dark web is made up of friend-to-friend and peer-to-peer networks, along with larger popular networks like Tor, Freenet and Riffle. The most popular Tor network is Silk Road—an online black market that allows anonymous browsing without any traffic monitoring. What is Silk Road? Silk Road was the first dark market of its kind, and it's best known for the buying and selling of illegal drugs online. Silk Road launched in 2011, and although it was shut down by the Federal Bureau of Investigations by 2013, it took less than a month for its successor, Silk Road 2.0, to launch. Silk Road 2.0 was then shut down once again in 2014, and the United States government later seized more than $1 billion worth of Bitcoin in November 2020. What can be bought on the dark web? If it's illegal, it's likely found on the dark web, usually in dark markets or online pharmacies where buyers can leave a review just like Amazon or Yelp. This includes: Stolen or skimmed credit card data Research data such as medical research data on new drugs and therapies Proprietary trade secrets and formulas Blueprints for security plans for buildings and networks Medical records Financial records Intelligence reports Government secrets and investigations Counterfeit money, gold, jewelry and other expensive branded goods Fake IDs Guns and other weapons Sex and pornography Drugs both legal and illegal, including marijuana (cannabis); stimulants like cocaine and methamphetamine; ecstasy, MDMA (Molly) and LSD; opioids like heroin, fentanyl, and OxyContin; and any prescription drugs normally found in a pharmacy like Adderall, Xanax or Valium. Data suggests that almost 40 percent of the revenue from drug sales on the dark web is from marijuana. The next most popular drugs, making up about 30 percent of sales, are stimulants like cocaine and amphetamines. Followed closely behind are ecstasy-type drugs at around 20 percent. The United States leads the world in the cryptomarket-share of drugs being sold on the dark web, followed by the UK and Australia. Is it safe to buy drugs through the dark web? Because people are anonymous on the dark web, many people are falsely lulled into a sense of security when they purchase medications or illicit drugs online. But there are lots of unforeseen risks associated with these purchases, stemming from: The lack of quality control The possibility for a drug or medication to be laced with something stronger, like fentanyl The cutting of drugs with cheaper alternatives The threat of retribution from a dissatisfied consumer The inability to visually inspect a drug prior to purchase The likelihood of getting ripped off And although the dark web offers anonymity for its user base, someone can still be arrested for buying or selling drugs on the dark web, which can result in a federal drug trafficking offense due to the national and international nature of these transactions. How can I tell if someone is using the dark web? There are a few tactics someone should use to determine whether someone they know might be purchasing drugs or engaging in other illicit trades through the dark web: Search all devices they use for "Tor." A search of this nature will turn up any software installed to help access the dark web. Keep an eye out for suspicious packages. If the recipient is defensive and secretive about the package, there may be something they are hiding, especially if packages arrive with regularity. Pay attention to money. How are they earning their money? How are they spending it? Do they have income or expenses that are unexplainable? What should I do if I'm concerned? Stay calm until you have all the information. Accessing the dark web doesn't necessarily mean anything illegal has happened. Have an open and honest conversation, and engage in ongoing dialogue about the risks and dangers of the internet in general. Set parental controls and privacy filters for younger users, and remove them as kids get older and demonstrate responsible behavior. Recognize the warning signs of drug use. Seek support from a professional who can provide a thorough assessment and recommendation for resources and support.